Keys used in tokens or RSTRs need to be identified somehow – common ways to do this is to use a thumbprint, a serial number or the subject key identifier.
A “Geneva” based token service will use the combination of issuer name and certificate serial number by default. This is usually fine, but you may need to change that because of interop scenarios. Metro based web services e.g. prefer the subject key identifier method.
Took me some time to figure it out – so maybe this info is useful to someone.
There are two key identifiers you may want to modify – the signing and the encrypting key. These are represented in “Geneva” using the SigningCredentials and EncryptingCredentials classes respectively. The signing credentials are supplied in the SecurityTokenServiceConfiguration whereas the encrypting credentials are specified in the GetScope method. On these classes you can set the key identifier method using the SecurityKeyIdentifier property or the constructor. You can use the following code to create a subject key identifier clause for X509 certificates:
var ski = new SecurityKeyIdentifier(
To see what other key identifier types are available, have a look at the inheritance hierarchy of the base class System.IdentityModel.Tokens.SecurityKeyIdentifierClause.